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Hannibal: Rome vs. Carthage (HRC) Links Email GM Last updated 6/15/2017.
Class A: Experienced Players Only Rules will not be explained. Neither GMs nor players will teach the game to beginners during the event. 
Schedule  GM: Stuart Tucker (16th Year)
Heat/Round Day Start Time Duration Location
Round 1/5 Tue 19 5 Foggy Goggle Rear
Round 2/5 Wed 9 5 Foggy Goggle Rear
Round 3/5 Wed 14 5 Foggy Goggle Rear
Round 4/5 Wed 19 5 Foggy Goggle Rear
Round 5/5 Sun 9 5 Wintergreen
2017 Tournament Format Century EventSix plaques are awardedExperienced Players OnlySwissScheduled Rounds

The Hannibal event is the crown jewel of WBC ... consistently drawing the largest truly competitive field at the convention in that many of those who enter are a threat to win it all.

The Hannibal tournament will move to a Tuesday evening start adopting a Swiss format with continuous play of five rounds of open swiss-style play. Players are free to drop in and out as they please during the five rounds. However, playing in less than five rounds will decrease your chances of winning wood and laurels. Wins and the tournament point system will determine final ranks.

Players bid PC markers for choice of side. The high bidder gets choice of side, while the opponent makes PC adjustments equal to the amount of the winning bid. Initial pairings will be somewhat randomized. Rookies will not face each other in the first round. The top eight seeded players will not face each other in the first two rounds. Otherwise, players are placed randomly into the tournament bracket.

There will be no medal round. Prizes will be awarded based upon rank after five rounds of swiss play. This year we will use A.R.E.A. ratings to determine a player's strength of schedule and resulting tournament points (used in breaking ties among players with the same number of wins). The default rule set will be the Valley Games edition of the rules. Opponents may mutually decide for a given game to use the first edition or web second edition instead.


1.0 EVENT DESCRIPTION - The game played will be Hannibal: Rome vs. Carthage. We will use the Valley Games edition rules whenever players cannot agree on which rule set to play. Valley Games published essentially what has been known as the Second Edition rules (those are web-published).

1.1 Class A Tournament. This is a class A tournament. Once the rounds start, beginners will find that those of us who know the game are more than willing to help weaker players, give tips, pointers, and even informal lessons between rounds. However, no one can expect this of others. Do not plan on it in more than a casual way. Please, no kibitzing!

1.2 Compliance. Playing in this event requires compliance with: all BPA rules and directives; tournament rules written here; Game Master and Tournament Official authority; rules of HRC; Questions and Clarifications; in that order. Failure to abide by any of these is "cheating" as much as violation of any game rule. Failure or refusal to follow any of these directives is subject to discipline.

1.3 Rule Edition. The default edition is Valley Games rule set (equivalent to the web-published Second edition). By mutual agreement, players may use the First Edition rules. If opponents cannot agree on the edition to use, if either player has a copy of the Valley Games version, then it shall be used. If only the Avalon Hill version is available to use, then the players will use the web-published Second Edition rules.


  • A.R.E.A.- Avalon Hill Reliability, Experience, and Ability player information and rating service.
  • AGM = Assistant Game Master
  • BPA= Boardgame Players Association
  • GM = Game Master
  • HQ = Headquarters
  • HRC = Hannibal: Rome vs. Carthage
  • PCs = Political Control Markers
  • TO = Tournament Official (GM or AGM)
  • TPs = Tournament Points
  • WBC = World Boardgaming Championships

3.0 FORMAT - The tournament will be conducted in Open Swiss Format. Every player who arrives with a copy of the game will be eligible to participate in each of the five rounds. The top six players after five rounds of swiss play will be determined by the tournament point scoring system (7.0). In the possible event of two players remaining undefeated after five rounds, they alone will play a sixth round to determine the championship.

3.1 Playing Officials. Prior to the beginning of the tournament, at least two Assistant GMs will be named to assist the GM. Any TOs may participate as active players. They may play all rounds, competing for awards and prizes as any other contenders. Should a question or an interpretation arise in a game involving the GM, for which no written answer already exists, another TO will make a ruling by which the GM will abide.

3.2 Unplayed Rounds. Rounds unplayed for any reason will be scored as losses, with no effect on A.R.E.A. rating. Players receiving byes, receive credit for a win of 2500 TPs to simulate an opponent (see 7.0 regarding tournament point scoring).

3.3 Withdrawal. Should you wish to withdraw from the tournament, or any given round, at any time, for any reason, please contact a TO as soon as possible and notify him of your intentions for the current game and for future rounds. Withdrawal without such notification to a TO could jeopardize your standing in this and future tournaments.

3.4 A.R.E.A. Rated. All game results will be submitted by the GM to A.R.E.A. for the HRC ratings. This will include withdrawals, concessions, adjudications and eliminator games.

3.5 Awards. Standard WBC prizes and Caesars Laurels will be awarded for the top six players.

4.0 SCHEDULE - There will be five scheduled rounds of five hours each. After the tournament begins, players should check in with the GM no later than five minutes prior to the start of a round to ensure a place in the next round of play. If you miss a round roll call, you might not be able to have an opponent for the round, which will be viewed as a loss. You must be present to be eligible for a bye victory.

4.1 Late Entry. Registration and entry to this event will remain open. However, all unplayed rounds are scored as losses earning 0 TPs. See 3.2 and 7.0.

4.2 Late Arrival. Players arriving late for the start of any given round may have to forfeit that round, accepting 0 TPs but not affecting A.R.E.A. ratings. A late arriving player may be matched at GM discretion with a weaker player (diminishing the tournament points earned). A player who has received a Bye has the right to refuse to play a late arrival. The GM has the right to refuse to match a late arrival.

4.3 Slow Play. In order to keep on pace with the tournament schedule, players are strongly encouraged to play with appropriate speed to finish on time. If a player feels that his opponent is unusually slow, please cordially urge speedier play and quietly notify a TO of this situation as early in the game as possible (see 4.51).

4.4 Time Limits. Rounds will end at the time specified by the GM (the time limit can be extended by a few minutes at the discretion of the TOs if the game is close enough to a finish). Should two players be involved in a game that does not finish by the allotted time limit, they must cease all play and leave the game components in place. The two players involved should attempt to reach agreement regarding a victor for that game. If unable to do so, they should notify TOs of the need for an adjudication.

4.5 Adjudications. Uninvolved TOs will adjudicate the game based on the existing position and their best judgment (based upon whatever factors they feel are most important), awarding a win to the player with the advantage (however small). All rulings are final and not subject to appeal. Please do everything you can to avoid putting the TOs into the position of having to adjudicate, but if adjudication is required, accept the decision without question.

4.51 Slow Games. If the game has not progressed sufficiently to fairly award a result, then the TOs may allocate a loss to either or both players for slow play. Such players will be warned to speed up play in subsequent rounds or face additional sanctions.

4.52 Ties. If the TOs cannot determine that one player has an advantage (however small) and deserves the win, then they may decide to award a tie to each. In such a case, each player receives half the number of TPs they would have had they won, but for all other aspects of the tournament, each is considered to have lost the game. Ties will be given only in the most extreme circumstances in which the majority of TOs cannot decide which player has the advantage.

5.0 MATCHES - The top eight seeded players will be spread throughout the brackets, and generally not face each other in the first two rounds. Rookie players (new to the HRC tournament and having no tournament A.R.E.A. rating) will not be matched against each other nor the top seeded players in the first round. All other players will be randomly assigned their initial match and location in the match brackets.

5.1 Seeding and Brackets. Eight players will be seeded in the brackets.

  1. Seeded Players. The defending champion, second place, and third place players from the previous year's WBC tournament will be seeded 1, 3, and 5, respectively. The remainder of the top eight seeds will be filled with the top-ranked active players (other than those seeded by paragraph a) in the current A.R.E.A. ratings list for HRC, in descending order. Absent players will not affect other seeds, but instead their seeding will remain empty and filled randomly (see 5.1e below).
  2. A player with an A.R.E.A. rating in HRC that is 30+ months inactive will be unseeded.
  3. The top eight seeds will be distributed in the match brackets such that they begin to meet each other starting on Round 3. If they win, Seed 1 will play Seed 8 in Round 3; Seed 2 will play Seed 7, etc.
  4. New players. Defined as new to the HRC tournament and having no A.R.E.A. rating, these "rookie" players will be placed in the match list such that their first round game is against neither another new player, nor a seeded player. Such assignments to "rookie" slots in the brackets will be determined randomly. They will be given an average starting A.R.E.A. rating (5000) for purposes of awarding TPs (see 7.0).
  5. All other players (i.e. unseeded "veteran" players) will be randomly assigned slots in the bracketed match list (e.g. drawing a random strategy card from the deck and using the number at the top of the card to determine the order of assignment to the brackets).

5.2 Subsequent rounds. On all following rounds, all players who are present will be matched against players with the same number of wins (if possible), and of similar standing on the match list. If an uneven number of players have the same record, then the player from the next record level with the highest strength of schedule will be promoted to face a player with fewer losses.

5.3 Rematches. Opponents that have previously faced each other within the tournament will not be rematched during swiss play. Should opponents find themselves rematched by accident, notify the GM immediately so that an adjustment can be made.

5.4 Odd players. If an odd number of players exist at the start of a round, then the most recent past champion may receive an automatic bye. The TP value for the bye is 2500 TPs. No player can obtain more than one bye in a tournament. No A.R.E.A. adjustment is made for a bye game.

5.41 Passing the Bye. The player most eligible for the bye may choose to pass the bye. The bye is then offered to the next most-recent past champion. If none accept it, the bye is offered to the lowest-ranking (see 7.6) player with a copy of the game (and then next lowest, and so on). Then, the bye is offered to the lowest-ranking player without a copy of the game (and next lowest, and so on). Passing may be done by the next player and so on, until the bye is accepted or we reach the GM in the list of eligibility.

5.42 The GM must accept the bye when it is first offered to him.

5.43 Once a player passes a bye, he is no longer eligible to receive a bye in any future round until it has been offered to all players who have not yet been offered a bye. If secondary byes are passed, then the highest ranking non-former champion without a copy of the game, by virtue of being the last eligible to accept it, will be stuck with it.

6.0 CHOOSING SIDES - Sides for each match will be determined by bidding PCs. Any two opponents may skip the bidding process if they agree to sides of mutual satisfaction. Before making this decision, determine which rule edition will be used (see 1.3).

6.1 Bidding. Players will bid for the right to choose their preferred side.

6.11 To begin bidding, each player rolls one die. The player with the higher die roll will make the opening bid. In case of a tie, both players will roll again.

6.12 To make a bid, a player clearly states the number of PCs (minimum of 0) which he is offering and the side he wishes to play.

6.13 When offered a bid by an opponent, a player must either accept or raise the bid.

  1. Acceptance of the bid allows your opponent to play the stated side he desires for the stated PC Adjustment (see 6.2).
  2. Raising the bid amounts to offering a greater bid for the same stated side. Simply state a higher PC bid than previously mentioned.

6.14 When an opponent raises the bid, a player responds by accepting the new bid or raising the bid. Raising may continue until one player accepts a bid.

6.15 Bids may be of any amount, but must be in integers (0, 1, 2, etc.). An opening bid may be zero, but not less than zero. A raise must exceed the last bid and be an integer.

6.2 PC Adjustment. After setting up the board for play, but before the first turn cards are dealt, the player who accepted his opponent's bid makes PC adjustments equal to the amount of the final bid. The player may use each point of the bid to place one friendly PC or remove one enemy PC (using a combination of both in the same space if so desired and if more than one PC was bid). Removed PCs must be non-walled, non-tribe PCs. Once the PC adjustments are made, the game commences and is scored as usual.

6.3 Example. Stuart and Karsten both roll a die, with Stuart rolling higher. Stuart begins the bid by announcing "one for Carthage," indicating that he will let Karsten have a 1 PC adjustment if he allows Stuart to play the side of Carthage. Karsten also wants Carthage to play, so he bids 2 PCs for Carthage. Stuart counters with three, and finally Karsten acquiesces. Stuart will now play the Carthaginians. Karsten (now the Roman player) decides to use his 3 PC Adjustments as follows: He spends one point to remove the Carthaginian PC in the Balearic Islands. He then spends one point to place a Roman PC in the Balearic Islands. Thus, for the cost of two PCs Karsten has "converted" the Balearic Islands from Carthaginian control to Roman control. Finally, Karsten uses his last PC advantage to place a Roman PC in a vacant space in Cisalpine Gaul.

7.0 SCORING - A.R.E.A. ratings will be used to determine a player's strength of schedule, and consequently the tournament points (TPs) earned for wins and losses.

7.1 Victories and Losses. For each match won, a player will receive TPs equal to the A.R.E.A. rating of their opponent, and a recorded A.R.E.A. win. The losing player will receive TPs equal to one-tenth of the A.R.E.A. rating of their opponent, and an A.R.E.A. loss.

7.2 Opponent credits. This rule has been voided, with credits being covered now by valuation of wins/losses according to A.R.E.A. ratings.

7.3 Withdrawals. In the event of a withdrawal, the remaining player will be credited in the same way as if he won the game. The withdrawing player will be credited the same as any other loss. A.R.E.A. ratings will be affected in the same manner.

7.4 Concessions. Any two current opponents may agree to terminate their match on any mutually-acceptable terms which determine a victor. Games so concluded will be scored as any others.

7.5 Time limit. Games that are not concluded on time will be adjudicated as the GM deems appropriate. See 4.4.

7.6 Tournament Standing. A player's tournament standing is first determined as stated in 5.1. In subsequent rounds, matches are determined by the match list created at the start of the tournament.

7.7 Final Tiebreakers. While it is unlikely that, after all rounds of swiss play, the top players will have tied W-L records and tied TPs, the following tiebreakers will be used if necessary to determine the final standings to distribute tournament prizes.

  1. If only two players are tied, head-to-head results.
  2. Sum of TPs accumulated by all opponents a player has beaten.
  3. TPs of player most recently beaten.
  4. Number of times you sacked Rome or Carthage.
  5. Number of times you killed the opposing Hannibal or Scipio.
  6. Number of victories in games that ended before Turn 9.
  7. High card draw (by strategy card number).

8.0 RECORD KEEPING - Record Keeping is done by the combined use of two forms, the individual Game Record and the Player Roster.

8.1 Game Record. Before each round of play, each game will be issued a Game Record sheet. Record the information required as it occurs during the game. At the end of each game, the winner is personally responsible to see to it that the Game Record is properly filled out, and handed to a TO. The GM will use the Game Records to maintain the Player Roster.

8.2 Player Roster. The running record for the tournament, and the information that the GM uses to determine the matches for the next round is recorded on the Player Roster. Players will be free to examine the roster as the tournament progresses whenever the GM is not using it to establish match pairings. Only the GM is authorized to write upon it.


9.1 Setup. All units must be set up before the play of any game commences. Errors caused by failure to do so properly will be classified under 9.4. Players may agree to play by Second Edition rules (this should be agreed prior to bidding for sides); if no agreement is reached, then First Edition rules shall be used.

9.2 Die Rolling. For any given die roll to be acceptable, the die in question must be thrown in a standard manner established at the beginning of the game by the contestants. The following methods are suggested:

  1. By hand into a transparent cup.
  2. From a cup into a box lid, hitting at least one side of the box and landing flat in the box.
  3. Through a die roll tower, landing flat in the tray. Reroll any die that lands outside the accepted area, or does not land flat.

9.21 Other dice rolling devices may be used by mutual consent, providing that the same principles apply. The dice must strike a solid surface, change sides, then land flat, with a clear reading, and remain within the confines of a specified area, or else be rerolled.

9.22 Cocked and Out of Bounds. If the die lands out of the specified area, or is not laying flat with a clear reading, it must be rerolled.

9.3 Out of Turn. You are required to ask if your opponent has finished his activity before you play a card or roll a die. Clearly verbalize when your phase of a turn is over. Once your opponent has played a card, or a die has been rolled, you may not move or change anything more.

9.4 Illegal Moves. An opponent's actions that violate the game rules and go unchallenged before you begin the next phase stand as placed. It is up to you to catch all errors within your own game while they can be corrected.

9.5 Card Play. Players should keep separate stacks of the cards they each play. Players may look at cards that have been played, but only for a brief period of time (less than one minute). Players should refrain from excessive reference to the decks of played cards; repeated referral to the decks of played cards can be ruled as a form of slow play [4.3; 4.51]. A player may not record cards that have been played, except for those required by the Game Record.

9.6 Transport Rule. Carthage can transport 1 CU with a general and obtain a -1 drm on the Naval table.

9.7 Mountain Crossings. If using the second edition rules or the Valley Games rules, the optional rule on mountain pass attrition is mandatory. That is, the modifiers are: Alps = 0; Non-Alps = -2

9.8 OPTIONAL Messenger Intercepted. As a game balancing mechanism in tournament play, players may agree to use this optional rule (in truth this rule is meant to reduce the post-game whine factor).

  1. If players mutually agree, and write such agreement on their game record sheet (e.g. "Using Optional Messenger"), they may use this modification.
  2. Whenever the Messenger Intercepted card is played as an event (play as a 3-card is unaffected), the person playing the card rolls one six-sided die and modifies the result by adding a number equal to the current turn number of the game (i.e. 9 on the last turn of the game; 1 on the first turn). If the modified die roll result is 10 or lower, the event occurs normally. If the result is 11 or higher, then the event card is discarded with no effect.
  3. Example: Karsten is desperate in his comeback bid to beat Dave, so he decides to use the event on Turn 9. He must roll a 1 for the event to occur; on a 2-6 the modified result is above 10, making the card ineffective.

9.9 OPTIONAL Syracuse. In a nod to history and as a game balancing mechanism in tournament play, players may agree to use this optional rule.

  1. If players mutually agree, and write such agreement on their game record sheet (e.g. "Using Optional Syracuse"), they may use this modification.
  2. The Syracuse card is treated as an Event that must be played, regardless of which player has the card. In effect, it is now a dual-player event that has no other use than to trigger the alliance for Carthage, and it cannot be postponed by play in any other manner. Once played, it is removed from the deck.


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